We all know that lack of activity destroys the good condition of every human being, while movement and methodical physical exercise save it and preserve it. The benefits of physical activity are plentiful and significant. High levels of physical activity and fitness are associated with lower all-cause
and cardiovascular mortality.
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND RISK REDUCTION
A summary of risk reduction for disease, in physically active people:
Hypertension – Hypertension is the most common risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and renal disease and has been identified as a leading cause of mortality. In 30 studies involving patients with existing hypertension, aerobic endurance training was shown to reduce blood pressure by 6.9/4.9 mm Hg. Regular physical activity reduces the blood pressure of individuals with hypertension
Diabetes – Type 2 diabetes is a worldwide problem with significant health, social, and economic implications. Diabetes results from a complex interplay of environmental and genetic components. There is strong evidence that such modifiable risk factors as obesity and physical inactivity are
the main non-genetic determinants of the disease. According to one study, all forms of exercise—aerobic, resistance, or doing both (combined training)—were equally good at lowering HbA1c values in people with diabetes.
Stroke – Physically inactive people have a significantly elevated stroke risk. In a systematic review, high levels of physical activity were associated with a 31% risk reduction. The reduced risk of stroke is seen in both men and women, and it appears that this benefit may be present for both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.
Cancer – Cancer is now the leading cause of death among people. Population studies from the 1980s have identified an increased risk of developing cancer among physically inactive people. In one survey, physical inactivity was associated with a relative risk of 1.8 for men and
1.3 for women compared with their physically active counterparts. Multiple studies provide compelling evidence that high physical fitness levels
are associated with a reduced risk of developing and dying from cancer.