10 Foods to Increase Your HDL
What is HDL?
When you think of cholesterol, you probably think of “bad” or high cholesterol. But there’s also a “good” type of cholesterol that your body needs. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is the good kind of cholesterol and the kind you want. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is the bad kind of cholesterol and the kind you want to keep in check. HDL, LDL, and triglycerides — a type of fat carried in the blood — make up total cholesterol levels.
HDL is like a vacuum cleaner for cholesterol in the body. When it’s at healthy levels in your blood, it removes extra cholesterol and plaque buildup in your arteries and then sends it to your liver. Your liver expels it from your body. Ultimately, this helps reduce your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.
What are good HDL levels?
The American Heart Association recommends getting a cholesterol blood test by age 20. It’s a good idea to talk to your doctor about getting one sooner if you’re at risk for heart conditions or overweight or obese.
An ideal HDL levelTrusted Source is 60 milligrams/deciliter (mg/dL) or above. Your HDL is considered low if it’s below 40 mg/dL. You should aim to have an HDL level between 40 and 60 mg/dL, but over 60 mg/dL is optimal.
How does food affect cholesterol?
A bagel with cream cheese for breakfast, a piece of fried chicken for lunch, a steak sautéed in butter for dinner, and a bowl of ice cream at night aren’t ideal for your cholesterol. These are sources of saturated and trans fat. They can increase your LDL and total cholesterol levels.
The things that increase HDL are actually not food, but several medical and environmental factors. Avoiding the following increases your HDL:
- sedentary lifestyle
- type 2 diabetes
Some hormones increase HDL concentrations, such as estrogen or thyroid hormone. Exercise and moderate alcohol consumption are associated with higher HDL, too.
The right food choices can lower your LDL levels, which improves your HDL to LDL ratio.
1. Olive oil
The type of heart-healthy fat found in olives and olive oil can lower the inflammatory impact of LDL cholesterol on your body. Use extra-virgin olive oil instead of other oils and fats when cooking at low temperatures, since extra-virgin olive oil breaks down at high temperatures. Use extra-virgin olive oil in salad dressings, sauces, and to flavor foods once they’re cooked. Sprinkle chopped olives on salads or add them to soups, like this Sicilian fish soup.
2. Beans and legumes
Like whole grains, beans and legumes are a great source of soluble fiber. Reach for black beans, black-eyed peas, kidney beans, navy beans, lentils, and others. Canned beans contain about half as much folate as cooked dry beans. Folate is an important B vitamin that’s healthy for your heart. Beans and legumes are great in side dishes, like in a Cajun corn and kidney bean salad, or in soup, like this Italian-style white bean and kale soup.
3. Whole grains
Whole grains, including bran, cereals, and brown or wild rice, may lower your LDL and total cholesterol. This in turn gives your HDL levels a percentage boost. That’s because these foods contain fiber — specifically soluble fiber, which is shown to help lower LDL. Have at least two servings of whole grains per day. That could be as simple as a comforting bowl of oatmeal for breakfast, 100 percent whole-grain bread at lunch, and a side of brown rice at dinner.
4. High-fiber fruit
Fruits with a lot of fiber, such as prunes, apples, and pears, can lower your LDL level, and raise your HDL level. Slice them up and stir them into cereal or oatmeal, or throw them into your blender and create a delicious smoothie. They’re just as great plain, too, either as a midafternoon snack or an after-dinner treat.
5. Fatty fish
Omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in fish, can lower your LDL. Look for fattier options, such as:
- albacore tuna
- rainbow trout
If you don’t like fish or can’t eat enough fish to fulfill your omega-3 goals, ask your doctor about fish-oil or krill-oil supplements. These over-the-counter supplements can deliver more than 1,000 mg of omega-3-rich oil in each pill. However, they still don’t deliver the same benefits as the food itself.
Soy-based products aren’t just for vegetarians. Incorporating this food into your diet is a great way to reduce your meat consumption. When people eat less meat, their LDL levels will most likely decrease, and their HDL levels will most likely increase. However, it’s possible that the positive benefit seen between soy and cholesterol levels is the result of eating less meat and eating more heart-healthy food, not because of soy specifically.
Nuts, including Brazil nuts, almonds, pistachios, peanuts, and others, are filled with heart-healthy fats. They’re also high in fiber and contain a substance called plant sterols. Plant sterols block the absorption of cholesterol in your body. Eat an ounce or two for a snack or incorporate them into meals. Try this banana and walnut smoothie for a nutritious breakfast, or steam-sautéed green beans with almonds and parsley for an easy but elegant side dish.
8. Chia seeds
Chia seeds are a good source of plant-based omega-3 fatty acids, fiber, and other healthy nutrients. Adding chia seeds to your diet may help lower LDL levels and decrease blood pressure.
Like flax seeds, chia seeds are great when added to cereal, oatmeal, dips, salads, yogurt, or smoothies. Unlike flax seeds, however, chia seeds can develop a somewhat slimy texture when they’re wet. If that’s a problem for you, consume chia seeds immediately or try adding them to your baked goods in place of eggs.
The food world’s new favorite fruit is also one of the healthiest. Avocados are high in folate and monounsaturated fat. This healthy type of fat lowers LDL and reduces your risk for stroke, heart attack, and heart disease. They’re also filled with fiber, which naturally helps keep cholesterol in check. Add slices of avocado to salads, soups, chilis, or sandwiches. Guacamole is a great option, too. Just be sure to reach for low-calorie dippers, like carrots, radishes, and tomatoes, instead of high-calorie, high-salt tortilla chips.
10. Red wine
Drinking moderate amounts of alcohol, including red wine, has been shown to slightly raise HDL levels. It’s also been shown to lower your risk of heart disease. A moderate amount of alcohol is defined as just one glass per day for women and two glasses per day for men. However, red wine shouldn’t be consumed if you also have high triglycerides. If you don’t already drink, you shouldn’t start just for the heart-healthy benefits. The link between heart disease and alcohol reported in many studies may be due to other lifestyle factors, such as physical activity and diet, rather than alcohol. Also, other foods such as grapes or red grape juice may contain some of the same components found in red wine that are suggested to reduce the risk of heart disease. Talk with your doctor about your drinking habits and whether they put you at an increased risk for any other condition.